The Short Answer is:
There are a few possible causes of a clear discharge from a dog’s anal gland. This may be a fairly common mucoid discharge that forms in the colon if the discharge is completely clear and odorless. The mucus in the colon coats the feces as a lubricant to facilitate defecation. The discharge you observe while she’s lying down may also be caused by mucus secretion in her colon. However it would be best to make sure the discharge is not coming from her vulva first.
In this research you will know the answer to the query “Why Is My Female Dog Leaking Clear Fluid From Her Anus?“.
There was something strange and probably worrisome you observed; a clear liquid was dripping from your dogs rectal opening.
Before you determine whether to be concerned or not about a clear discharge from a female dogs anus ensure that its definitely coming from it.
Can you also tell me if the discharge smells? What has changed in her stools consistency and appearance?
Alternatively the discharge could come from her vagina or urethra but if you’re convinced that its coming from her anus read on to find out why that might be the case.
Why is my dog leaking clear fluid from the anus?
There are a few possible causes of a clear discharge from a dogs anal gland. This may be a fairly common mucoid discharge that forms in the colon if the discharge is completely clear and odorless.
The mucus in the colon coats the feces as a lubricant to facilitate defecation. The discharge you observe while shes lying down may also be caused by mucus secretion in her colon.
However it would be best to make sure the discharge is not coming from her vulva first. This might be vaginal fluid produced by her menstrual cycle if she hasnot been spayed or an indication of a minor infection if she hasnot been spayed. If she has been spayed she may be mildly incontinent.
The discharge should not worry you if you’re certain its coming from her rectum.
Having a lot of clear discharge from her anus is not normal and should be discussed with your veterinarian.
Additionally a strong smell indicates that the discharge is coming from the anal glands. Regardless you should check her anals with your vet and have them emptied. Additionally the veterinarian can perform a full rectal exam to ensure that no abnormalities are present.
Is clear anal discharge normal in female dogs?
There are two small glands on either side of the rectal opening in both males and females called anal glands or anal sacs. Each gland stores a small amount of a dark foul-smelling liquid fluid and each time your dog defecates these glands experience a tiny amount of pressure that releases some fluid.
Most dogs live their entire lives without any problems with their anal glands. Anal gland fluid is often released when dogs poop which is a natural way for them to express their glands. Anxiety and stress can also cause them to express their own anal glands unintentionally.
There is however a brown and smelly fluid oozing from the anal glands. Mucus which resembles a clear jelly-like substance may cause a clear anal discharge.
Intestinal glands produce mucus to keep the colon moist and lubricated enabling feces to pass through. However heavy mucus secretion along with other symptoms like vomiting diarrhea or blood in the stool may raise some concerns. Alternatively they might have a mild case of colitis; a mild inflammation of the colon.
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) include an increase in mucus production which is a sign of colon or large intestine inflammation.
When the intestinal tract is irritated it produces an additional layer of mucus lining to protect itself. Inflammation or a sudden change in diet can cause this irritation so its important to make dietary changes to dogs gradually so that their digestive systems can adjust.
Within a week or two it is advised to combine the old and new diets and gradually increase the amount of the new food while gradually reducing the amount of the old food.
The best course of action is to consult a veterinarian in a situation like this since some causes of excessive mucus secretion in the colon can be serious particularly if the dog has other symptoms such as diarrhea vomiting bloody stools abdominal pain fever or lethargic behavior.
How do I stop my dog’s anus from secreting?
As stool passes through the rectum it presses on the glands causing them to release (express) fluid. An unintentional expression of the anal glands can also occur when a dog is stressed or frightened.
In dogs who eat high-quality food maintain a healthy weight and get plenty of exercises they should not need their anal glands expressed. Its not necessary to do anything if your dog isnot experiencing any problems.
You should consult your veterinarian before performing routine expression. It may be advisable to leave the anal glands alone if they are not causing a problem or your veterinarian may choose to routinely empty them to prevent medical complications.
It is necessary to manually express the glands of some dogs however. A change in the texture of your dogs feces will prevent the anal glands from expressing themselves naturally.
When the glands are not naturally expressed the fluid they contain thickens and becomes more difficult to express. It is possible for the glands to become infected irritated or inflamed as a result.
How do I know if my dog’s anal glands are infected?
Often your dog will scoot or drag its butt over the ground if they have problems with its anal glands.
Additionally you may notice excessive licking or biting at the tail base rather than in the anal region. The pain experienced by dogs with anal gland disease or infections can be excruciating and even gentle dogs can become aggressive.
It is usually not until owners see their dogs dragging their rears on the ground or straining to defecate that they notice their dogs struggle with infected anal glands.
For dogs suffering from anal gland infections or impaction it is usually best to have their glands expressed every few weeks (usually 3-4 weeks) to prevent recurring problems.
It is possible for your veterinarian or even your dog groomer to express your dogs anal glands.
It may be possible for your veterinarian to provide you with instructions on how you can express your dogs anal glands at home if you feel comfortable doing so. Its very important that you ensure your dog would not act aggressively because of the pain both for your safety and theirs.
You should not attempt to express your dogs anal glands at home if you detect blood or pus in the area surrounding their anus or if they appear very unhappy. Make an appointment with your veterinarian right away.
What dog breeds need their anal glands expressed?
There are certain dog breeds that are more prone to anal gland problems. Breeds such as Chihuahuas Toy and Miniature Poodles Cocker Spaniels Lhasa Apsos Basset Hounds and Beagles are more likely to require monthly manual gland expression.
The anal gland can be problematic in dogs of all sizes and genders (both males and females). When the anal glands do not empty properly they swell up and become excruciatingly painful.
Moreover an impaction or blockage of the exit duct can cause the glands to enlarge. Because anal glands are moist and warm they are the perfect place for bacteria to thrive and cause infection. The anal glands of your dog are extremely painful when they are affected by injuries or infections.
How do you tell if a dog’s anal glands are full?
During defecation some dogs’ glands do not fully express themselves.
The substance is accumulated in these sacs.
Due to the increased stress your dog licks his bottom and/or moves on the carpet.
Here are some warning signs to watch out for:
- Your dog drags his rear on the ground while scooting around
- There is a lot of licking going on behind your dog
- It is possible for your dogs glands to leak foul odors if they are overloaded.
If your dog has sat on your carpet or furniture you might notice brownish material stains. There will eventually be a rupture of the glands. There will be some bleeding coming from there.
It is possible that the clear discharge from your female dogs anus is mucus secreted in the colon. In the colon dogs secrete a clear jelly-like substance that helps smooth feces’ passage. In dogs however this fluid rarely leaks from the anus.
There is also the possibility that she is leaking fluid from the vagina instead of the anus. Female intact dogs have a clear vaginal discharge during their menstrual cycle. The fluid may be coming from your dogs bladder if she is spayed and slightly incontinent.
By all means take your dog to your vet for a close anal examination if you’re certain the clear fluid is indeed coming from the anus.
If you want to read more about dog health tips read here: Dog Health Tips and Tricks.